วารสารวิจัย มข. ฉบับสาขามนุษยศาสตร์และสังคมศาสตร์
ISSN 2350-9767
ภาษาไทย | English

ปีที่ 5 ฉบับที่ 3 Sep - Dec 2015

Buddhist Medical Ethics for Patient Treatments

Rattana Panyapa

Abstract

       This article presents Buddhist medical ethics for patient treatments. Buddhist ethic does not only focus on guidelines for doctors or nurses, they also emphasize patient treatments called “Buddhist medical ethics.” It is created to teach all patients to understand natural truths, physical non-beauty, the impermanence of all things and mindfulness of deaths. According to Buddhist ethics, fie patients’ behaviors of the can be used to identify whether they can be cured or not. The fie behaviors are: 1) the way the patient eats or does something unpleasant, 2) get more pleasant disease, 3) refusing treatments, 4) concealing the illness, and 5) lack of patience. If the patients demonstrate these fie behaviors, they are diffiult to cure. When doctors, nurses or health care providers treat patients, they need to know the patients’ rights according to the Buddhist ethics. The patients’ rights involve some treatments that are disagreeable or unpleasant for the patients, compassion that the doctors, nurses, and health care providers give to the patients and acceptance of the waste matter coming from the patients. In addition, Buddhist Ethics also include interpersonal treatments in the Sangha (group or organization). The doctors, nurses, and health care providers should treat all patients equally without separating the patients by class, as represented in Buddha’s teaching: “who wants to treat me could treat the ill monks”. In the Sangha, monks have people such as Upajjh?ya (Preceptor), Acariya (Teacher), Antev?sika (Student), Co-Upajjh?ya (Co-Preceptor), and Co- Acariya (Co-Teacher), as a kin to relatives. These relatives are going to take care of them throughout their lives or vice versa. Without these people as relatives, an ill monk has to be treated by the Sangha.
Keywords: Patient Treatment, Buddhist Medical Ethics, Buddhist Patient Treatment

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