วารสารวิจัย มข. ฉบับสาขามนุษยศาสตร์และสังคมศาสตร์
ISSN 2350-9767
ภาษาไทย | English

ปีที่ 4 ฉบับที่ 3 กันยายน - ธันวาคม 2557

Carrying Capacity for Community-Based Tourism at Koh Phithak, Chumphon Province, Thailand: Phase I
Benjamas Na Thongkaew
Amnat Ruksapol
Tourism Management Program, Maejo University at Chumphon,
Lamae District, Chumphon Province 86170

Abstract

       The objectives of this research were to specify the indicators for tourism carrying capacity and to access the carrying capacity of tourism in Koh Phithak, Chumphon Province in four aspects, namely: ecology, physicality, facility management and psycho-socio-economics. An evaluation of nature-based-tourism site potential (ENTSP), community lessons summary, tourist questionnaires, waste facts recording form, and tourist behavior observation forms were used to collect data. It was found that Koh Phithak was a natural tourism attraction with a high level of overall potential (2.67 points). Most tourists stayed there overnight and traveled with friends or family members and on average their activities were taking pictures, having a rest in a peaceful atmosphere, taking a nature trail around the island and swimming at 69.8%,69.1%, 51.8% and 50.4% respectively. In addition, it was found that most tourists had positive attitudes towards and were satisfied with the island and thought that it was worth the expense. Some examples of the positive attitudes were: clean and tasty food, clean home-stays, sufficient bath rooms and rest rooms and feeling good value for the money at (mean= 4.80, 4.69, 4.61 and 4.56) respectively. Besides this, 82.9% of more than 300 repeat tourists perceived the change in a rising tourist number from the past but 62.2% of them did not perceive the congestion of tourists within the same area and this coincided with villagers' perception. It also revealed that 60% of home-stay owners preferred to welcome tourists every day. Moreover, Field Surveys and secondary data were used for carrying capacity assessment of tourism site management. There were 19 indicators being formed, namely: 1) 8 for ecosystem 2) 7 for physical structures and facilities 3) 2 for social psychology and 4) 3 for economic matters and management. It was found that carrying capacities of physical structures and facilities consisted of rest areas, parking areas, bathrooms and rest rooms. Those of ecology were garbage management and its usage, and that of psycho-socio-economics was at a moderate level (At & Approaching CC) while the use water was over the carrying capacity level (Exceeding CC).
Keywords: Carrying capacity, Indicator, Community based tourism, Tourism, Koh Phithak, Chumphon Province, Thailand

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