Instructional Strategy of Cluster Model in Inclusive Education
(Preliminary Study on Cluster Model of Inclusive Education)
Faculty of Teacher Training and Education
Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta Indonesia
The research aims to (1) identify the current condition of the implementation of
inclusive education, (2) identify the inhibiting sources and the need of the instructional
strategies in full inclusive education, (3) and propose Cluster Modelof an instructionalstrategy
in inclusive schools.This research was a survey on full inclusion model. The sample of this
research was a number of 56 inclusive schools in Wonogiri, Central Java, Indonesia. The
data was collected by means of questionnaire and interview, and analyzed by both quantitative
and qualitative methods. Quantitative methodwas used to describe the data resulted from
questionnaire. While qualitative method was used to describe the data resulted from interview.
The data showed that the full inclusive schools in Wonogiri performed special educational
servicesfor students with special needs (SWSN) in terms of modified curriculum (36.4%),
teachers'understanding of students characteristics (51.1%), Teachers' competence (46.4%),
SWSN learning involvement (51.1%), attention from non-SWSN (58.2%), Teachers'
assistance (60.4%), Classroom management (40.4), Special teachers' involvement (48.2),
parents' and School committees' involvement (44.6%), and SWSN academic achievement
(45.0%).The research concluded that (1) the implementation of educational services in full
inclusion model was not yet well performed. Except the teachers' assistance, the educational
services for SWSN in full inclusion need to be promoted, (2) the schools performances were
Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibi inhibited by the insufficient implementation of inclusive educational services, (3) the need
to propose an alternative model instead of full inclusive model of instructional strategy.
Keywords: full inclusion, instructional strategy, students' characteristics, modified curriculum