6+ January - February 2015
REVIEW: Potential of Thermophile Inoculation and Substrate Amendment
for Rapidly Shorten the Maturation Period on Composting of Bio-Fertilizer
Siti Nazrah Zailani, Firdausi Razali* and Aidee Kamal Khamis
Department of Bioprocess Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Johor, Malaysia.
Institute of Bio-Product Development, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Johor, Malaysia.
*Correspondent author: firstname.lastname@example.org
There is no fixed time to determine the period of finished compost. Generally, duration of composting depends
on both combination of substrate and compost management. Simultaneously, either by amendment of substrate or
manipulating the process will sustain the quality of finished compost. Overview of all phases in composting process
shows the dependency on microbial activity of microorganisms exists on the foremost phases (mesophilic and thermophilic). Concomitantly, up to date there were a lot of significant studies on microbial inoculation by several groups of
microorganisms on to substrate compost. Due to that reason, this review inquires the possibility of thermophile inoculation on reducing the maturation period for composting is governed by many elements. The selection of thermophile
attributable to the maximum microbial metabolism occurs at bio-oxidative phase of composting. Therefore, inoculation
of thermophiles dominate the thermophilic phase hence activate composting process.
Keywords : Composting, maturity, microbial inoculation, substrate, thermophile.