KKU Research Journal
ISSN 0859-3957

շ 19 Ѻ 6 Ȩԡ¹ - ѹҤ

Musty/earthy off- fl avor in aquatic animals: impact, causes, and solutions

Pornpimol Pimolrat*, Niwooti Whangchai, Chanagun Chitmanat and Louis Lebel


Faculty of Fisheries Technology and Aquatic Resources, Maejo University

Unit for Social and Environmental Research, Chiang Mai University

*Correspondent author:paqua50@gmail.com



Musty/earthy off- fl avor in aquatic animals has been reported in aquatic organism worldwide. Although there is no negative effect on human health, it causes an unacceptablefor consumer consumption. The purpose of this article is to review some of the available literature relating tomusty/earthy off- fl avor in aquatic animals. Geosmin (GSM) and 2-methylisoborneol (MIB) are two major off- fl avor compounds.These compounds are caused by metabolites produced by blue-green algae including Anabaena sp., Oscillatoria sp., Lyngbya sp., Symploca sp., Phormidium sp., andAphanizomenonsp. and some bacteria such as Streptomyces. Fish with high fat content or raised in earthen ponds with enriched algae and bacteria mentioned earlier increase in risk of off- fl avor problem. The in fl uences of temperature, season, and climate change had been also discussed.Finally, the various practical methods for undesirable fl avor were described. This information will be bene fi cial for fi sh farmers to control an off- fl avor problem.


Keywords:off- flavor, aquatic animal, blue-green algae, cause, solution


Division of Research Administration.
Building2, 2nd Floor,Office of the President.
Khon Kaen University
Tel. 043-009700 ext. 42128
E-mail: kkurj@kku.ac.th