Effects of Sulfate Fertilizer on Rice Yield cv. Sakol Nakhon and Global Warming Potential
Jamnong Tragoolram and Patcharee Saenjan
Ammonium phosphate sulfate fertilizer (16-20-0, 42% SO4) is widely used by the Thai rice farmers. Sulfate’s inhibition of methanogenesis in flooded paddy soil has been reported by many scientists in previous years. This study aimed to investigate the effect of different rates of sulfate (SO4) on rice yield, seasonal methane emission (SME) and global warming potential (GWP). The experiment was conducted in a farmer’s rice field in Khon Kaen, Northeast Thailand, during the dry season of 2011. Ammonium phosphate sulfate fertilizer was used as the main source of sulfate at the rates of 0, 100, 200, and 300 kg SO4 ha-1. All plots with SO4 were adjusted to have the same amount of N, P2O5 and K2O. The control plot had neither SO4 nor fertilizers. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with four treatments and three replications. Methane emissions were measured in one week intervals during the growing season, and calculated as SME and GWP. Rice yields were also measured. The results showed that the application of fertilizer containing SO4 gave higher yields with a range of 7.7 – 8.4 t ha-1; four times that of the control with no fertilizer. The application of sulfate had no distinguishable effect on SME and GWP reduction in silty-clay rice soil.
Keyword:sulfate, rice yield, methane, GWP.